25 May 2007
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Cimilli H, Sur H, Hayran O, Atalay T. Prevalence and distribution of oral
lesions: a cross-sectional study in Turkey. Oral Diseases 11(2):81-7,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the
prevalence and distribution of oral lesions (OLs) in Turkish population.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 765 residents (F/M:
375/390) were selected by the cluster sampling method and examined according to
WHO criteria. RESULTS: Excessive melanin pigmentation (6.9%) was the most common
lesion in the study population. The tongue lesions observed in this study were
as follows: fissured tongue (5.2%), varices (4.1%), hairy tongue (3.8%),
geographic tongue (1.0%), atrophic tongue papillae (0.7%) and ankyloglossia
(0.3%). The denture-related lesions were denture stomatitis (4.3%), suction
irritation (0.8%), denture hyperplasia and torus palatinus as bony lesion (0.5%)
and traumatic ulcers (0.3%). In regression analysis, being 65 years old and over
was found as a statistically significant risk factor for the occurrence of
pigmentation, fissured tongue, varices, hairy tongue, denture stomatitis and
petechiae (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Pigmentation, fissured tongue and denture
stomatitis were observed to be the most common lesions in Turkish population.
Elderly population was a significant risk factor for occurrence of some OLs.
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