George Frederick Cruchley

     

 

Cruchley was born in 1796.  At aged 27, he set up his own business, having earlier apprenticed at the map publishing firm of Arrowsmith.  During the first few years of his new business, the imprint on his maps included the words, "From Arrowsmith's." Cruchley was located at 38 Ludgate Street until 1834, when he moved to 81 Fleet Street, the address on the 1846 map.  In 1844 he took over the map stock of George and John Cary, the producer of the 1818 map, also at this site. Thereafter, in addition to his own maps, he re-published Cary's atlases and maps until 1876.  In 1877, three years before his 1880 death in Brighton, he sold his entire stock at auction, and many of his plates were acquired by Gall and Inglis. They continued to publish Cruchley's maps for some years.

The Map   

      

 

MAP HEADING: Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the New and Intended Improvements to the Present Time. A New Edition improved to January 1, 1846.

MAP COVER: CRUCHLEY'S New Plan of London, Improved to 1846: Colored to Show the Various Routes of the Omnibuses, a Table of Reference to Upwards of 500 of the Principal Streets, Squares, Public Buildings, etc. with All the Railways and Stations. G.F. Cruchley, Mapseller and Publisher, 81, Fleet Street. 

Size: 16 3/4th by 24 7/8 inches (excluding borders: 13 3/4th by 21 3/4 iinches), Folding map. Scale 3 3/4" to 1 mile.

Table of references to streets, squares and other sites. The map is divided into 25 squares lettered for reference. The table of references extents along both sides and below the map, outside the border.  A color key provides the borders of the City of London, the City and Liberties of Westminster, and the Borough of Southwark.

The Editions

      

 

  (1) First published May 1, 1827. 'Engraved and published by Cruchley, mapseller from Arrowsmith's 38 Ludgate Street St. Paul's...'  Slip case has title, 'Cruchley's New Plan of London in Miniature, Improved to 1827...'

 

  (2) Date on slip case altered to 1828.

 

  (3) Date on slip case altered to 1829. Old and new London Bridges shown.

 

  (4) Date on slip case altered to 1830.

 

  (5) Date on slip case altered to 1831. Old and New London Bridges shown.

   (5a) Date on slip case altered to 1832. Old London Bridge not shown.
 

  (6) Date on slip case altered to 1833.

 

  (7) Date on slip case altered to 1834. On map under the scale is: 'Published May 1st 1827.  A new Edition Improved to 1st January 1834.' Address on imprint changed to '81 Fleet Street.'  Some copies printed on silk by S. W. Silver & Co. 9 &10 Cornhill.  Also issued by Cruchley's Picture of London... 2nd ed. 1834.

 

  (8) Date on map altered to 1835.  Some copies printed on silk (as above).  Shown are the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square and new developments near Edgware Road. 

    (8a) Date on slip cover and map altered to 1836.
    (9) Date on slip cover and map altered to 1837.  Greenwich railway shown.
 

 (10) Date on slip cover and map altered to 1838.  Also published in Cruchley's Picture of London... 3rd ed.

 

 (10a) A New Edition Improved to 1st January, 1839 in Cruchley's Picture of London, 1839. 

 

(11) Date on map altered to 1839.  No longer issued in slip case but in cover with title: 'Cruchley's New Map of London Engraved in a Superior Clear Style Improved to 1840.'

 

(11a) Date on map and cover altered to 1840.

 

(12) Date on map altered to 1841. Site of new House of Parliament indicated.

 

(13) Date on map altered to 1842.  Omnibus routes colored.

 

(14) Date on map altered to 1843.

 

(15) Date on map changed to 1844.

 

(16) Date on map changed to 1845.  Also published in Cruchley's Pictures of London.... 10th and 11th ed.

 

(17) Date on map changed to 1846.

 

(18) [c. 1849]. No date on map but in the 1849 ed. of Cruchley's Pictures of London.

 

(19) Published in Nouveau tableau de Londres.....by Cruchley, c. 1850. Shown is the site of King's Cross railway station.

 

(20) c. 1851 Great Exhibition shown in Hyde Park.

  (21) 1856.
 

 

 

Source:  Howgego, James. Printed Maps of London circa 1553-1850, 2nd ed., Wm. Dawson and Sons, Ltd, Kent, England, 1978 [No. 307].