BRIEF HISTORY DURING THE SNOW ERA (1813-58)

Regent Street arose from plans of John Nash (1752-1835), architect to the Office of Woods and Forests (see picture). Nash in the early 1800s wanted to connect Regent's Park to Carlton House, a Royal palace on Pall Mall near St. James Square (see 1818 map and 1822 picture below).  His intention was to develop a street that would serve as a boundary between the nobility and gentry to the west and the poorer people to east.  Major building occurred between 1813 and 1819.  

The County Fire Office was the dominant edifice on Lower Regent Street, influenced in design by the earlier Somerset House (see 1852 picture below).  So as to avoid St. James Square, the central area of Regent Street was curved. It was here that Nash formed the Quadrant, a place of fashionable shops.  From the Quadrant, Regent Street ran in an almost straight line to Oxford Street.  Hanover Chapel was placed here, the public building among all the businesses and residential houses.  Nash's plan remained in effect during the lifetime of John Snow, and continued to the twentieth century, extending to Park Crescent at the entrance to Regent's Park.  

In cell L 13 of the 1859 map, Regent Street flows south to the Quadrant. In cell L 14, Regent Street bends at the end of the Quadrant (identified as "D" in the lower left), continues past Regent Circle (shown as "Reg. Cir.") and flows south, still as Regent Street.  

LOCATION IN 1859 REYNOLDS MAP 

(Quarter Mile Section - L 14)

Sources

Fox C. London - World City, 1800-1840, 1992.

Rasmussen SE. London -- The Unique City, 1982.

Weinreb B, Hibbert C (eds). The London Encyclopaedia, 1993.

Booth Map 1818

Click here to see details 41 years earlier

View North from Waterloo Place along Lower Regent Street in 1825 (A)

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View South from Piccadilly along Lower Regent Street in 1822 (B)

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View South of the East side of Lower Regent Street in 1825 (C)

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View North of the East side of Lower Regent Street in 1825 (D)

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View Northwest of the Quadrant of Regent Street in 1825 (E) 

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View Northwest of the Quadrant of Regent Street in 1852 (F)

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The location of the above pictures is shown in the detailed 1870 map of the area. 

Old Ordnance Survey Map of 1869-70 

Click here to see more details 10-11 years later