Health Impact Assessment - Information & Insight for Policy Decisions

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HIA Archive
  • HIAs conducted in the U.S, 1999-2007. - PDF


  • Contents:
    Demographic and health risk data for population profiling
  • Clearinghouses (links to other sites and more)
  • Community demographics, schools, business and economics
  • Transportation and planning
  • Environment
  • Health
  • Intentional and non-intentional injuries

    Information on key pathways linking policy and health
  • Air pollution
  • Crime
  • Economics
  • Education
  • Energy Policy (see also Transportation)

  • Housing
  • Nutrition
  • Physical activity
  • Transportation
  • International clearinghouses for HIA

    Related Methodologies
  • Economic analysis
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Epidemiology/Risk Analysis
  • Evidence-based reviews

    More information on topics examined in the HIAs

  • After-school programs
  • Buford Highway Redevelopment
  • Farm Bill
  • Farmers’ Markets
  • Living Wage policies
  • Physical Education Policies
  • Transit
  • Walk-to-School programs

  • Demographic and health risk data for population profiling

    Clearinghouses (links to other sites and more)

    Association of Public Health Observations
    Network of 12 public health observatories working across the five nations: England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.  Offer information, data and intelligence on health and health care for practitioners, policy makers and the community at large

    Community Information by Zip Code
    Comprehensive list of websites and other sources of community information by zip code, including demographics, business/economics, environment, education and health

    Counting California

    Access to public use demographic data for California organized by federal, state, and local agencies. Compiled by the California State Library

    Digital Spatial Data: Internet Data
    Listing of general spatial data, as well as national and statewide data guides, warehouses and servers.  Compiled by Humboldt State University Library

    ESRI GIS and Mapping Software
    Specializing in products that help to perform advance spatial analysis, model operational processes and visuals.  Also provides links to numerous sources of geographic information

    Health Impact Database of the Netherlands School of Public Health
    Provides access to reports, tools, and guidelines. Also provides links to numerous HIA websites

    Länsförsäkringar
    Swedish Impact Assessment Summary. Produced by LF Group

    London Health Commission - HIA
    The London Health Commission works in partnership with agencies across the capital to reduce health inequalities and improve the health and well being of all Londoners.  Site includes resources and full-reports of HIA

    New Zealand HIA links - CIART
    Links to Environmental Impact Assessment, Health Impact Assessment, and Environmental Management information.

    RAND California Statistics
    Extensive list of publicly accessible sources of demographic data for California.

    The UCLA Health Impact Assessment Clearinghouse Learning and Information Center
    Includes an archive of summaries of HIAs completed in the U.S. with cross-indexing to impact pathways examined and methods used for each HIA, embedded learning modules and news about HIA legislation, training workshops and related events.

    WHO Health Impact Assessment
    Links to examples of HIAs, networks, policy, use of evidence, tools, and methods

    WHO-Europe
    WHO/Regional Office for Europe. Information on health topics, publications, programs and projects, including health impact assessment  

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    Community demographics, schools, business and economics
    American FactFinder
    U.S. Census Bureau lists census data including populations, businesses and government.  Also includes new mapping functions

    California Department of Finance
    Demographic, Economic, and Financial Research. In addition the site provides revenue estimates for the annual state budget process and analyzes tax issues potentially significant to the state

    California Labor Market Info
    California Labor Market Information Division.  Data on civilian labor force, employment, and unemployment by county, MSA, and city

    Censtats Databases
    North American Industry Classification System.  Site offers business patterns by zip code, census tract numbers for residential street address, national economic data by individual counties, as well as occupation information by race and gender

    CA Highway Patrol- Statewide Integrated Traffic Records System
    CHP- SWITRS provides extensive data on fatal and injury motor vehicle traffic collisions in California by year, time, number of vehicles and persons involved; also provides information on whether alcohol contributed to the collision

    CCRL: California Center for Regional Leadership
    Community quality-of-life indicators for select communities and regions developed by the California Center for Regional Leadership

    DataQuest
    Demographic and other information about students in California’s public schools by district, school and year

    MLPC Child Health Impact Assessment
    Child Health Impact Assessment- offering evidence and experienced based- methodology to evaluate policy and regulations affecting the health and well-being of children.

    NAPC Social Indicators
    Socio-economic indicators, e.g. “deprivation index,” produced by National Association of Planning Councils

    National Center for Education Statistics
    Student demographics and other education information, searchable by school and zip code

    Neighborhood Knowledge California
    Interactive maps and tables of neighborhood characteristics

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    Transportation and planning
    Department of City Planning
    Local area statistics and zoning information for the City of Los Angeles.  Includes a superb on-line mapping function

    Statistics and Data for City Planning
    A bibliographic research guide to UC Berkeley library and web resources for socioeconomic and demographic data and statistics relevant to city planning. The guide has a U.S. focus with a California emphasis.  Compiled by UC Berkeley Library

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    Environment
    U.S EPA Evnirofacts
    Data warehouse, search environmental information by zip code

    U.S EPA EnviroMapper StoreFront
    Map and identify superfund sites, toxic releases and hazardous waste generators by zip code

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    Health

    California Health Interview Survey
    Health conditions and behaviors by demographic group and county.  Free, but requires registration

    Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
    From the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.  Interactive database allows tabulation of state data and for select metropolitan areas (in California: Los Angeles/Long Beach/Glendale and San Francisco/Oakland/Fremont)

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    Intentional and non-intentional injuries

    California Department of Health Services – EPI Center
    California Injury Data Online.  Injury statistics by county.

    National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
    Resources and data for GIS analysis.  Site fosters the promotion, research, evaluation, development, and dissemination of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology and the spatial analysis of crime

    Office of the Attorney General
    State of California, Department of Justice. Statistics and reports on crime and arrests by city and county  

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    Information on key pathways linking policy and health

    Clearinghouses for evidence-based reviews

    Campbell Collaboration
    Campbell Collaboration offers editorial and methodological support to review authors throughout the process of producing a systematic review.  A number of C2's editors, librarians, methodologists and external peer-reviewers contribute

    Centre for Reviews and Dissemination
    University of York - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination.  Providing systematic reviews evaluating the effects of health and social care interventions and the delivery and organization of health care

    Public Health Institute - Resource Library
    Resource library provided by the Public Health Institute (California).  Collection of reports on various topics, including tobacco control, obesity prevention, physical activity promotion and affordable housing

    WHO/Europe
    World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. Health Evidence Network.  Providing answers to policy questions, access to sources of evidence and information as well as access to policy briefs

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    Air pollution
    ARB’s Community Health Program
    California Air Resources Board.  Data, reports, source mapping tools and guidance, including the "Air Quality and Land Use Handbook: A Community Health Perspective."

    South Coast AQMD
    South Coast Air Quality Management District.  Studies of the effects of air pollution on health, including reports and GIS-based risk models

    Union of Concerned Scientists
    UCS- Citizens and Scientists for Environmental Solutions.  Research and advocacy on air pollution and other environmental and health issues

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    Economics
    California Budget Project
    Independent budgetary, fiscal and policy analysis on education, health, housing, etc

    Human-Environment Research Laboratory (HERL)
    Research articles on inner-city poverty, housing, vegetation and crime from the Human-Environment Research Laboratory, University of Illinois Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences

    Tax Policy Center
    The Urban Institute and Brookings Institution Tax Policy Center provide statistics, reports and interactive on-line tools for estimating the impacts of tax policy alternatives

    Urban Institute
    Through nonpartisan economic and social policy research, the Urban Institute’s Income & Benefits Policy Center studies how public policy influences the behavior and economic well-being of families

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    Education
    Education Policy Research
    Mathematica.  Research to support education policies and decisions.

    Urban Institute-Education
    Highlights studies on education policy

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    Energy Policy
    (see also Transportation)
    Union of Concerned Scientists
    UCS- Citizens and Scientists for Environmental Solutions.  Research and advocacy on air pollution, energy and other environmental and health issues

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    Housing
    Dataplace
    Warehouse of community-level housing and demographic data, maps and summaries.  Supported by Fannie Mae.  Site is free, but to make full use of the site’s resources, users need to register

    Urban Institute - Housing
    Analysis and reports produced by the Urban Institute on the challenges of providing safe, affordable housing in America’s cities

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    Nutrition
    Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion
    USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion. Provides nutrition research information and materials for consumers, policymakers, and professionals in health, education, industry, and media

    National Association of Farmers’ Market Nutrition Programs (AFMNP)
    Annual Impact Reports for the WIC (Women, Infants and Children) Farmers Market Nutrition Program

    Nutrition Policy Research
    Mathmatic Nutrition Policy Research. Contains evaluations of supplemental school and community nutrition programs.  See their microsimulation model of food stamp program at: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/welfare/whatismicrosim.asp

    U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) - Nutrition and Physical Activity
    Centers for Disease Control, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity homepage.  Provides a wealth of information on physical activity, nutrition, and obesity related programs and campaigns; news and press releases; publications, policy resources and healthy lifestyle topics

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    Physical activity
    Active Living Network
    Fact sheets and reports on a wide range of topics related to environmental approaches to promoting physical activity through community and transportation planning, schools and workplaces

    American Trails
    National Trails Training Partnerships offering health, economic, political and legal information related to building trails and encouraging their use

    Health Promotion Research Center
    Two walkability asse
    ssment instruments developed at the University of Washington, one is desktop, GIS-based, the other is completed by community residents

    National Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity
    Links to reports and statistics on physical activity

    U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) - Nutrition and Physical Activity
    Centers for Disease Control, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity homepage.  Provides a wealth of information on physical activity, nutrition, and obesity related programs and campaigns; news and press releases; publications, policy resources and healthy lifestyle topics

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    Transportation

    EPICenter-CA Injury Data
    Interactive California injury data by county, year, cause and victim demographics

    STPP Transportation Action Network
    Surface Transportation Policy Project – “nationwide coalition working to ensure safer communities and smarter transportation choices that enhance the economy, improve public health, promote social equity, and protect the environment.”

    UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies
    Research on alternative fuels and transportation planning.  The organization conducts multidisciplinary research on emerging and important transportation issues, disseminating this research through conferences and scholarly publications, and enhancing the quality and breadth of transportation education

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    Crime
    Criminal Justice Statistics Center
    Office of the Attorney General, State of California, Department of Justice. Statistics and reports on crime and arrests by city and county

    National Archive of Criminal Justice Data ACJD
    Resources and data for GIS analysis of crime and related statistics.  

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    International clearinghouses for HIA
    APHO- HIA Gateway
    Association of Public Health Observatories- Health Impact Assessment Gateway (U.K.).  The organization develops public health expertise and in-depth knowledge of health and health care at a regional level. They monitor and forecast trends in health status and disease, and play a major role in showing how health inequalities are being tackled locally and regionally. They also monitor the effects of health and health care interventions

    Centre for Health Equity Training Research Evaluation
    HIA Connect, New South Wales Centre for Health Equity Training, Research and Evaluation (CHETRE).  Includes HIA guidance, a blog and a monthly newsletter

    Centre for Impact Assessment Research and Training Web Links
    New Zealand HIA links – CIART. Links to Environmental Impact Assessment, Health Impact Assessment, Environmental Management, and New Zealand

    Health Canada- Reports and Publication
    Health Canada, Environmental Health Assessment – workshop proceedings and the Canadian Handbook on Health Impact Assessment

    HIA Database
    Health Impact Database of the Netherlands School of Public Health

    London Health Commission
    London Health Commission Health Impact Assessment- works in partnership with agencies across the capital to reduce health inequalities and improve the health and well being of all Londoners

    WHO/Europe
    WHO/Europe Health Impact Assessment methods and strategies

    WHO- HIA
    World Health Organization- Health Impact Assessment  

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    Related methodologies

    Economic Analysis
    California Budget Project
    Access to CA budget projects including state taxes, federal taxes and budget, work wage, incomes, education, health, human services and child care, Ballot Proposition, workforce, and economic development.

    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
    Research to support education policies and decisions

    Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) Reports
    Independent, non-partisan research on public policy issues affecting California.  Reports written by in-house staff and outside experts.

    RAND Corp
    Provides objective research services and public policy analysis.  Research is carried out by five units that address social and economic policy issues both in the United States and overseas; by five centers that focus on international policy; by three federally funded research and development centers that focus on national security; and by RAND Europe, an independently chartered European affiliate

    The Urban Institute
    Through nonpartisan economic and social policy research, the Urban Institute’s Income & Benefits Policy Center studies how public policy influences the behavior and economic well-being of families

    U.S. Congressional Budget Office
    Provides Congress with objective, nonpartisan, and timely analyses to aid in economic and budgetary decisions on the wide array of programs covered by the federal budget

    U.S.D.A Economic Research Service
    The Economic Research Service is a primary source of economic information and research in the U.S. Department of Agriculture.  ERS conducts a research program to inform public and private decision making on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development  

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    Environmental impact assessment

    Council on Environmental Quality
    The White House-Council on Environmental Quality providing guidance on implementation of the National Environmental Policy Act.

    CEQAnet
    An online searchable environmental database of the State Clearinghouse within the Office of Planning & Research.  CEQAnet contains key information from all California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) documents (e.g. Environmental Impact Reports (EIRs), Negative Declarations, and Environmental Impact Statements) submitted to the State Clearinghouse for state review since 1990.  Includes links to technical advisories and assistance for planners

    Jones and Stokes Impact Report
    Free periodic updates on environmental laws, regulations and court cases legal and regulatory experts from a leading consulting agency.   Mostly, but not exclusively focused on California.  Only the most recent issue appears to be available.  Archives are apparently for internal use only.

    National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)  (U.S. Department of Energy)
    Contains NEPA-related resources, including full-text searchable DOE NEPA Documents, NEPA and Related Requirements and NEPA Guidance, Status and Schedules of DOE NEPA Documents, and Links to other NEPA-related web sites, including the Council on Environmental Quality's NEPAnet

    National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
    National Environmental Policy Act- requires federal agencies to integrate environmental values into their decision making processes by considering the environmental impacts of their proposed actions and reasonable alternatives to those actions

    Office of Planning and Research
    California Governor’s Office-Guidelines for implementation of California Environmental Quality Act

    Resources on Impact Assessment
    Urban Environmental Management. Contains documents and information on Impact Assessment

    Union of Concerned Scientists
    UCS- Citizens and Scientists for Environmental Solutions.  Research and advocacy on air pollution and other environmental and health issues  

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    Epidemiology/Risk Analysis   
    Burden of Disease Unit, Harvard School of Public Health
    The Harvard Burden of Disease Unit was established to design, test, and implement methodologies to aid in the effective allocation of health resources. To achieve this end, the Unit conducts research in collaboration with national governments, international agencies and other researchers and policy-makers

    California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment - News and Information
    California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment - News and Information. OEHHA does not promulgate environmental regulations directly; however, it is responsible for developing and providing risk managers in state and local government agencies with toxicological and medical information relevant to decisions involving public health

    Epiphi Paper Archives
    Index selected papers and presentations of epidemiological studies on tobacco, smoking, mammography, and risk reduction written by Dr. Carl V. Phillips and associates.

    FoodRisk
    Assists professionals involved with the many aspects of risk analysis as it pertains to the safety of our food. They provide data, tutorials, tools, and links to numerous sources of information. In addition to providing resources for the food safety risk analysis professional, the site also provides several consumer oriented links

    National Center for Environmental Assessment
    NCEA provides guidance and risk assessments aimed at protecting human health and the environment. This guidance presents critical analyses and summaries of scientific consensus, vetted through a rigorous peer review process, on the risks of pollutants to human health and the natural environment.

    Precautionary Principle
    The Precautionary Principle Project, which concluded in December 2005, focused on the application of the precautionary principle to biodiversity conservation and natural resource management.

    RiskWorld
    News on risk analysis, assessment and management across sectors and disciplines.  Sponsored by the Society for Risk Analysis.

    Society for Risk Analysis
    Considers threats from physical, chemical, and biological agents and from a variety of human activities as well as natural events. Analyzes risks of concern to individuals, to public and private sector organizations, and to society at various geographic scales. Membership is multidisciplinary and international

    U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    Provides a wealth of data on disease and risk conditions, injury, violence and safety, environmental health issues, as well as general population information

    World Health Organization
    Provides information on how to quantify environmental health impacts  

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    Evidence-based Reviews
    Bandolier (U.K.)
    “Evidence-based thinking about health care” (and prevention)

    Campbell Collaboration
    The Campbell Collaboration. Evidence-based reviews of education, criminal justice and other social interventions

    Centres for Health Evidence
    Centres for Health Evidence. User’s Guides to Evidence- Based Practice (Originally published in JAMA)

    Centre for Reviews and Dissemination
    Undertakes high quality systematic reviews that evaluate the effects of health and social care interventions and the delivery and organization of health care

    Cochrane Collaboration
    Improving healthcare decision-making globally, through systematic reviews of the effects of healthcare interventions, published in The Cochrane Library

    The Community Guide
    Guide to Community Preventive Services in U.S. Evidence-based recommendations for programs and policies to promote population health

    Public Policy Institute of California Reports
    Independent, non-partisan research on public policy issues affecting California.  Reports written by in-house staff and outside experts

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    More information on topics examined in the HIAs

    After-school programs
    21st-Century Community Learning Centers Evaluation
     Mathematica Policy Research Report: When Schools Stay Open Late: The National Evaluation of the 21st-Century Community Learning Centers Program

    Analysis By the Legislative Analyst
    Legislative Analyst California. Proposition 49: Before and After School Programs. Sate Grants. Initiative Statute. Analysis by the Legislative Analyst.

    California Budget Project
    Budget Brief:  What Would Proposition 49, The After School Education and Safety Program Act, Mean for California?

    California Department of Education
    University of California, Irvine and California Department of Education. Evaluation of California’s After School Learning and Safe Neighborhoods Partnerships Program: 1999-2001 Preliminary Report, January 22, 2002 (Summary only).

    University of California, Irvine and California Department of Education
    Evaluation of California’s After School Learning and Safe Neighborhoods Partnership Program:  1999-2001 Preliminary Report.  January 22, 2002 (summary only)

    University of California, Los Angeles Center for the Study of Evaluation
    A Decade of Results: The Impact of the LA’s BEST After School Enrichment Program on Subsequent Student Achievement and Performance, June 2000

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    Buford Highway Redevelopment
    Georgia Institute of Technology  
    Michael M. Gamble. The Art of Living Well: The Auto and the Pedestrian Reconsidered in Atlanta.
    Georgia Strip Developments.  Buford Highway Information

    Kansas City Planning and Development
    Kansas City Walkability Plan with detailed guidance on how to assess walkability.

    Smart Growth Online
    Smart growth invests time, attention, and resources in restoring community and vitality to center cities and older suburbs. New smart growth is more town-centered, is transit and pedestrian oriented, and has a greater mix of housing, commercial and retail uses. It also preserves open space and many other environmental amenities. Website has data, reports, policy for implementation of “smart growth” in community

    Surface Transportation Policy. Enhanced Public Health, Safety and Security
    "Our transportation system should provide a secure travel environment, protect all users, use all available methods to reduce deaths and injuries from crashes, promote cleaner air and water quality, provide access to essential destinations, encourage healthy physical activity, and have the capability to maintain operations during emergencies."- Alliance for a New Transportation Charter

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    Farm Bill
    Annual Reviews (AR) A Nonprofit Scientific Publisher
    James E. Tillotson.  America’s Obesity:  Conflicting Public Policies.  Industrial Economic Development and Unintended Human Consequences.  Annual Review of Nutrition Vol. 24: 617-643, July 2004

    Farm Bill 2002
    United States Department of Agriculture: Farm Bill 2002

    United States Department of Energy. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    Alternative Fuels Data Center provides a wide range of information and resources to enable the use of alternative fuels, in addition to other petroleum reduction options such as advanced vehicles, fuel blends, idle reduction, and fuel economy

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    Living Wage Policies

    City of Los Angeles Living Wage Ordinance
    Requires employers who have agreements with the City to pay their employees at least a minimum “living wage” and to provide certain benefits

    Economic Policy Institute (EPI): EPI Issue Guide Living Wage
    General information on Living Wage, Key Tables & Charts, as well as EPI Publications

    Los Angeles Alliance for a New Economy Living Wage Project
    Committed to building a new economy that restores the American dream of fair wages and benefits in return for hard work.  Believe that jobs in growing industries which cannot be exported, including those in the service-sector must serve as the foundation for rebuilding a strong and vibrant middle class

    Political Economy Research Institute Report
    Economic Analysis of Santa Monica Living Wage Proposal by Robert Pollin & Mark Brenner

    Public Policy Institute of California Report on Living Wage Laws
    How Living Wage Laws Affect Low-Wage Workers and Low Income Families by David Nuemark

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    Walk-to-School Programs
    California Safe Routes to School
    Goal is to get more children traveling safely to school on foot or bike, with greater frequency.  Site provides information on safe routes throughout the State, safety resources, as well as CA programs and grants available

    Centers for Disease Control Nutrition and Physical Activity Program. KidsWalk-to-School
    A community-based program that aims to increase opportunities for daily physical activity by encouraging children to walk to and from school in groups accompanied by adults.

    The Community Guide to Preventive Services - Physical Activity
    Systematic Reviews and Evidence Based Recommendations. Physical Activity

    Kids Walk-to-School
    Centers for Disease Control Nutrition and Physical Activity Program. KidsWalk-to-School. A community-based program that aims to increase opportunities for daily physical activity by encouraging children to walk to and from school in groups accompanied by adults. Goal is to also promote pedestrian safety and to mobilize communities to work together to create safe routes to school

    Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Adolescents and Young Adults
    A listing of information and facts detailing the benefits of physical activity particularly for adolescents and young adults

    Safe Routes to School Sacramento
    Safe Routes to Schools is designed to increase the number of children walking and biking to school. A SR2S program integrates health, fitness, traffic relief, environmental awareness and safety under one program

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